Pamela Y. Price graduated from Yale University with a B.A. in Political Science in 1978. She attended Boalt Hall School of Law and received her J.D. and an M.A. degree in Jurisprudence & Social Policy in 1982. She was admitted to practice in 1983. Pamela was raised in Cincinnati, Ohio. She is a survivor of the Ohio juvenile justice and foster care systems. She joined the civil rights movement in 1968 and was arrested in a civil rights demonstration at age 13. After being tracked into the juvenile justice and foster care systems, she was emancipated at age 16. A year later, she was accepted into Yale College.
Title IX Pioneer – Alexander v. Yale
In 1977, Price joined the landmark case of Alexander (Price) v. Yale, 459 F.Supp. 1 (D.Conn. 1979), 631 F.2d 178 (2nd Cir. 1980), the first case to challenge sexual harassment as a form of sex discrimination in education. The Court’s dismissed all five other plaintiffs and Price was the only plaintiff to proceed to trial in January 1979, in the U.S. District Court in New Haven, Connecticut. In June 1979, the Court rendered a verdict in favor of Yale. In September 1980, the Second Circuit affirmed the District Court’s decision in favor of Yale. Nonetheless, the case established that sexual harassment in education constitutes illegal sex discrimination.
In 2012, in celebration of the 40th Anniversary of Title IX, Price and her co-plaintiffs in Alexander were acknowledged by the National American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) as one of Nine Most Influential Actors in Title IX’s History (“the Nine”).
Alexander remained the only federal case on the books to challenge sexual harassment in education until 1993. In 1992, as lead counsel for plaintiffs in Patricia H. v. Berkeley Unified School District, et al., 830 F.Supp 1288 (N.D. Cal. 1993), Price, mounted a second legal challenge to sexual harassment in education. On July 21, 1993, in the first decision to squarely address the issue, the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California, per Hon. Judge William H. Orrick, ruled that Title IX also prohibits a sexually hostile educational environment. In August 1994, the case settled for $800,000, with a total value of the structured settlement to the minor plaintiffs of $1.8 million.
Sexual Harassment Cases
Price established her own civil litigation practice in June 1991. The Firm specialized in racial and sexual harassment cases. In 1993, Price tried a sexual harassment case in Marin County against the California Department of Corrections, representing a female correctional Sergeant, who worked at San Quentin for sixteen (16) years. After a six (6) week court trial, the judge ruled that Price’s client had been sexually harassed by two of her supervisors and awarded compensatory and punitive damages in excess of $1.3 million. The case was the largest verdict for sexual harassment ever against the CDC at that time.
In 1999, Price obtained the largest settlement for a sexual harassment case ever against the City of Oakland for $825,000 on behalf of a young female employee identified only as Alice A. In February 2001, Price settled a second sexual harassment case against the City of Oakland for $750,000 on behalf of a minor victim identified only as Tonsa B. of the same City supervisor. While pursuing these cases, Price successfully challenged the Alameda County District Attorney’s office to take action to protect these young victims’ rights.
In December 1999, Price won the largest sexual harassment verdict ever recorded in Amador County for $629,000, on behalf of another female correctional officer in the case of Pesce v. CDC. In April 2003, Price won another $600,000 verdict for sexual harassment on behalf of another female correctional officer, including punitive damages against the Warden and two Associate Wardens of Pelican Bay State Prison in the case of Freitag v. CDC. As a result of Deanna Freitag’s case, CDC implemented a groundbreaking statewide policy to address sexual harassment of female officers by inmates. The pilot project which started at Pelican Bay also triggered new CDCR regulations and legislation to address the problem of sexual harassment and assaults of women working inside prisons.
In November 2007, a Solano County jury awarded Price and her client $1,025,684 in a sexual harassment case against the CDCR in the case of Underwood v. CDC. In June 2015, a Fresno jury awarded Price and her client $565,000 in a sexual harassment case against CDCR in the case of Sanchez v. CDCR.
Racial Harassment – Morgan v. Amtrak
Price made legal history in Morgan v. Amtrak, 232 F.3d 1008 (9th Cir. 2000), 536 U.S. 101, 112 S.Ct. 1516 (2002), by winning the appeal of a defense verdict first in the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeal and then successfully arguing her case in the U.S. Supreme Court. Price is one of a handful of African-American women to ever argue a case in the U.S. Supreme Court. For her groundbreaking efforts on behalf of Abner Morgan, Price was named the 2002 California Lawyer Attorney of the Year in Employment (CLAY Award). In May 2004, Price won a $500,000 verdict for Mr. Morgan after a ten (10) year battle against Amtrak.
Price also made legal history with precedent-setting decisions in Jones v. K-Mart, et al. (1998) 17 Cal.4th 3298, Nicole M. v. Martinez Unified School District (N.D.Cal. 1997) 964 F.Supp. 1369 and Freitag v. Ayers, 468 F.3d 528 (9th Cir. 2006), cert. denied, 549 U.S. 1323, 127 S.Ct. 1918 (2007).
Small Business Entrepreneur
In May 1999, Price established the Ida B. Wells Holding Company and purchased her own office building in downtown Oakland. She has since purchased and sold a second office building in the heart of downtown Oakland, one of only a handful of women business owners to reach that milestone.
Civil Rights Leader
In 2007, Price served as the Interim Executive Director for the Lawyers Committee for Civil Rights in San Francisco. She went on to serve two volunteer terms as the Co-Chair of the Board of Directors, and as the paid Director of Special Projects. From 2014-2016, Price served as the Political Education Chair of the Richmond/Contra Costa Chapter of Black Women Organized for Political Action (BWOPA). In 2014, she ran an inspiring campaign for Assembly District 15. In 2016, she was elected to the Alameda County Democratic Central Committee in a historic victory.
In 2017, Assemblymember Rob Bonta and the California Legislative Women’s Caucus honored Price as the Woman of the Year for Assembly District 18. She was honored for her social justice advocacy, her service to Alameda County and the City of Oakland and her lifetime of protecting the civil rights of all Californians.
Awards & Honors
- 2017– Assembly District 18 Woman of the Year
- 2016– National Lawyers Guild (S.F. Bay Area Chapter) Champion of Justice
- 2015– BWOPA/TILE (Richmond-Contra Costa) Ella Hill Hutch Honoree
- 2012– NAACP (Hayward-South Alameda Chapter) Annual Service Award
- 2012– Nine Most Influential Actors in Title IX’s History (ACLU)
- 2011– National Bar Association’s Heman Marion Sweatt Award
- 2010– CAERP Arthur A. Fletcher Award of Achievement
- 2010– S.F. LCCR 2009 Living The Dream Award
- 2005– Gamma Phi Delta Sorority Community Service Award
- 2003– CAERP Founders Award of Achievement
- 2003– Flyaway Productions’ Ten Women Campaign Award
- 2002– CABL’s 2002 Nominee for the ABA’s Margaret Brent Award
- 2002– California Lawyer Attorney of the Year in Employment
- 1993, 2001– Charles Houston Bar Clinton W. White Advocacy Award
- 1992– Conn. Women’s Education & Legal Fund Maria Stewart Award
- 1980– BALSA George Benjamin Daniels Award for Community Service